North End - 1960
United States > Boston > North End - 1960
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Census Tract: 301, 302, 304, 305
North End was the wealthiest neighborhood in Boston in the 1630s. It was then dominated by Irish in the early 19th century, Jew later, and Italian since the early 20th Century. The residential buildings we see today in North end are most built during late 19th century to early 20th century, mainly tenement housing. As the population living here are mostly Italian, the neighborhood is featured by its variety of Italian restaurants and shops.
Compared North End in the 2000s with that in the 1960s, the architecture almost remains the same. However, the population changed as the neighborhood started to gentrify after the completion of the big dig, which tore down the highway that once seperated north end from the rest of the city. the
population density decreased dramatially (by almost 50%), while dwelling unit per acre increased due to subdivisions.
Photo #1: age distribution (1960 census)
Photo #2: income distribution (1960 census)
Photo #3: Hanover St. References:
1. Caminos, Horacio. Urban Dwelling Environments; an Elementary Survey of Settlements for the Study of Design Determinants. Cambridge, Mass: M.I.T. Press, 1969.
2. Google Earth. Boundaries include census tract (1960) F-1, F-2, F-4, F-5, same as today’s census tract 301, 302, 304, 305
3. Social facts by census tracts 1960, Vol. Metropolitan Boston: United Community Services, Inc : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive, n.d. http://www.archive.org/details/socialfactsbycen1960unit. p.10. The total population of census tract F-1, F-2, F-4, F-5