Pakistan > Karachi > Nawalane, Lyari
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|site area||84579 sq. m|
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Nawalane spreads over an area of about 20.9 acres (8.4 hectares) which comes under Union Council -11 in the Saddar town. 7 Towards the north is the Lyari Nadi (river), one of the two perennial rivers that run through the city ending at the delta in the sea. This nadi is now largely a sewer (nala) where the effluent of most of the city drains into the sea (refer map NL-01 and NL-02)
On the northwest of Nawalane is Bakra Piri (cattle market) in the southwest is KalaKot; Old Haji Camp on the east and Usmanabad on the north-east. Bounded on the immediate west of Nawalane, separated by the main 48 feet (15 meters) wide road called Mehrab Khan Essa Khan Road, is the New Kumharwara (a locality of the Kutchi kumhars – pottery makers originally from Katch). The settlement is connected to Hassan Ali Mir Mohammed Road at the east, Faqeer Mohammad Durra Khan Road at south-east and Ali-Buksh Jakhi Road in the north. Popular landmarks around it are Cheel Chowk, Timber Market, Katchi-Memon Grave-yard and Kumharwara.
There are other low income settlements surrounding it, namely:
• Usmanabad in south-east (opposite Faqeer Mohammad Durra Khan Road)
• Noorani Zikri Colony in the north (opposite Ali-Buksh Jakhi Road)
• Noor Mohammad Village in north-east
• Gabol Village on the west
Gabol Park and a primary government school along the Mehrab Khan Essa Khan Road across Nawalane are important landmarks (refer map NL-02).
As Karachi port developed in the early 18th century people came and settled in Lyari from various areas in Balochistan, Iran and Kutch. In 1886, Lyari was the largest of the 28 municipal districts of Karachi with a population of 24,000 of a total city population of 87,000, hence comprising of more than one-fourth of the city’s population.
The various ethnic groupings at Lyari brought with them their trade practices, ranging from; construction labor; transport, cattle, goat and camel traders; pottery makers; fishermen; boat makers; pastoral people and agriculture tribes. References:
IIED Density Study, 04 Cases of Housing in Karachi. Final Report 2010: http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/G02709.pdf