Case Studies

The focus of the density atlas is case studies of projects and neighborhoods at “urban” densities, which generally range from FAR 1.0 – 16.0. Each case study includes the three density measurements: FAR, which measures building bulk; Dwelling Units per Acre/Hectare, which measures the number of households; Population per Acre/Hectare, which measures the impact on streets and services. Each case study includes a “Density Measurement Profile,” a concise summary of the three density measurements.

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country city location scale far du/area pop/area
 United States New York Battery Park City, The Visionaire A 16.40 755 ha / 306 ac 641 ac / 1585 ha
 China Hong Kong Sai Ying Pun, 69 High Street A 15.40 1564 ha / 633 ac 2533 ac / 6259 ha
 China Hong Kong Tseung Kwan O, The Grandiose A 15.20 1240 ha / 502 ac 2009 ac / 4964 ha
 China Hong Kong Central Grandview Garden A 13.50 1999 ha / 809 ac 3237 ac / 7999 ha
 China Hong Kong Tseung Kwan O Kwong Ming Court, A 12.50 1507 ha / 610 ac 1987 ac / 4910 ha
 China Hong Kong Kowloon Walled City B 12.00 2743 ha / 1110 ac 7788 ac / 19245 ha
 China Hong Kong Jordan, Man Wai Bldg A 10.10 1478 ha / 598 ac 2394 ac / 5916 ha
 United States Boston Cambridge A 9.60 361 ha / 146 ac 239 ac / 591 ha
 United States Cambridge, MA The Esplanade A 9.60 361 ha / 146 ac 239 ac / 591 ha
 United States Cambridge, MA The Esplanade A 9.60 361 ha / 146 ac 239 ac / 591 ha
 United States New York 5th Avenue 1035, District 8 A 8.00 232 ha / 94 ac 186 ac / 459 ha
 United States New York Manhattan, District 8, Block 4001 A 8.00 569 ha / 230 ac 363 ac / 898 ha
 China Hong Kong Jordan, Man Cheong St A 7.30 1067 ha / 432 ac 1745 ac / 4312 ha
 France Paris The Plan Voisin, Paris A 7.20 299 ha / 121 ac 485 ac / 1198 ha
 China Hong Kong Sai Ying Pun, High Street B 6.80 620 ha / 251 ac 1006 ac / 2486 ha
 China Hong Kong Central Aberdeen Street B 6.60 598 ha / 242 ac 968 ac / 2392 ha
 United States New York Brooklyn A 5.80 482 ha / 195 ac 369 ac / 912 ha
 China Hong Kong Shau Kei Wan Aldrich Garden A 5.80 815 ha / 330 ac 1321 ac / 3264 ha
 China Hong Kong Wan Chai B 5.60 823 ha / 333 ac 1335 ac / 3299 ha
 China Hong Kong Taikoo Shing B 5.60 470 ha / 190 ac 762 ac / 1883 ha
 China Hong Kong Tseung Kwan O, Area 59 B 5.46 647 ha / 262 ac 1033 ac / 2553 ha
 United States New York Manhattan, Neighborhood Block c.1900 B 5.30 818 ha / 331 ac 1521 ac / 3758 ha
 France Paris Plaine Monceau A 5.00 297 ha / 120 ac 602 ac / 1488 ha
 France Paris 17th Arrondissement, Plaine Monceau, Coutyard Housing, Block 4001 A 5.00 194 ha / 79 ac 393 ac / 970 ha
 Mexico Mexico City Unidad Habitacional Nonoalco-Tlatelolco B 5.00 156 ha / 63 ac 413 ac / 1021 ha
 Spain Madrid Barrio de Salamanca- Original block A 4.84 72 ha / 29 ac 79 ac / 195 ha
 Spain Barcelona Typical Block - Eixample (Ensanche) A 4.70 230 ha / 93 ac 145 ac / 359 ha
 China Hong Kong Sha Tin Fung Wo House A 4.60 776 ha / 314 ac 943 ac / 2330 ha
 United States New York Clinton Hill, Brooklyn A 4.40 482 ha / 195 ac 369 ac / 912 ha
 China Beijing Glory City / 国瑞城 B 4.40 153 ha / 62 ac 173 ac / 427 ha
 China Beijing Glory City / 国瑞城 B 4.40 153 ha / 62 ac 173 ac / 427 ha
 China Hong Kong Shau Kei Wan B 4.30 504 ha / 204 ac 818 ac / 2021 ha
 China Hong Kong Shau Kei Wan Ming Wah Dai Ha A 4.10 838 ha / 339 ac 1356 ac / 3351 ha
 China Hong Kong Wan Chai Lee Tung Street A 4.10 620 ha / 251 ac 1004 ac / 2481 ha
 France Paris Plaine Monceau B 3.80 225 ha / 91 ac 455 ac / 1124 ha
 China Beijing Doncheng District > Pingod Community A 3.73 200 ha / 81 ac 227 ac / 560 ha
 China Hong Kong Ma On Shan, Heng On Estate B 3.70 425 ha / 172 ac 933 ac / 2305 ha
 China Hong Kong Sha Tin Wo Che Estate B 3.60 324 ha / 131 ac 559 ac / 1381 ha
 Mexico Mexico City Centro Urbano Presidente Miguel Aleman B 3.60 245 ha / 99 ac 708 ac / 1750 ha
 United States New York Manhattan, Grand Street Neighborhood A 3.50 148 ha / 60 ac 219 ac / 541 ha
 China Hong Kong Shau Kei Wan 32 Factory Street A 3.30 309 ha / 125 ac 503 ac / 1243 ha
 China Shenzhen Gang-sha Village, Urban Village B 3.20 613 ha / 248 ac 388 ac / 959 ha
 China Hong Kong Sai Ying Pun, No. 89-93 High Street A 3.00 672 ha / 272 ac 1091 ac / 2696 ha
 Singapore Ang Mo Kio St 31 Precinct B 3.00 42 ha / 17 ac 51 ac / 126 ha
 Singapore Bishan Bishan Block B 3.00 150 ha / 61 ac 182 ac / 450 ha
 United States San Diego Costa Verde Village B 2.90 146 ha / 59 ac N/A
 United States Boston North End, Census Tract 301, Block 1007 - 1960 A 2.90 304 ha / 123 ac 457 ac / 1129 ha
 United States Boston North End, Census Tract 301, Block 1007 A 2.70 420 ha / 170 ac 245 ac / 605 ha
 China Beijing Dushixinyuan / 都市馨园 B 2.70 183 ha / 74 ac 208 ac / 514 ha
 United States New York Co-op city B 2.70 119 ha / 48 ac 171 ac / 423 ha
 Singapore Singapore Mi Casa, Choa Chu Kang, District 23 A 2.70 241 ha / 98 ac 389 ac / 962 ha
 Spain Madrid Saconia A 2.66 279 ha / 113 ac N/A
 Spain Barcelona Eixample (Ensanche) C 2.65 230 ha / 93 ac 145 ac / 359 ha
 United States Boston South End Census Tract 708 Block 1000 A 2.60 240 ha / 97 ac 156 ac / 385 ha
 United States Boston South End Census Tract 708 Block 1000 - 1960 A 2.40 180 ha / 73 ac 166 ac / 410 ha
 United States Boston South End, Cosmopolitan, Tent City A 2.30 207 ha / 84 ac 193 ac / 477 ha
 Pakistan Karachi Nawalane, Lyari B 2.30 249 ha / 101 ac ac / ha
 France Paris Faubourg Saint Antoine A 2.20 259 ha / 105 ac 248 ac / 613 ha
 United States Boston Cosmopolitan, Block 1011 A 2.20 152 ha / 62 ac 114 ac / 281 ha
 China Beijing Jinan, Sunshine100 B 2.11 172 ha / 70 ac 208 ac / 515 ha
 France Radiant City Paris city center B 2.10 250 ha / 101 ac 404 ac / 998 ha
 France Paris The Plan Voisin, Paris B 2.00 86 ha / 35 ac 140 ac / 346 ha
 India Mumbai Dharavi, Chambda Bazaar B 2.00 630 ha / 255 ac 1274 ac / 3148 ha
 Pakistan Karachi Aurangabad, Paposh Nagar B 1.93 176 ha / 71 ac ac / ha
 France Paris Faubourg Saint Antoine B 1.90 215 ha / 87 ac 207 ac / 512 ha
 France Paris The Plan Voisin, Paris C 1.90 79 ha / 32 ac 129 ac / 319 ha
 United States Boston South End Census Tract 708 Block Group 1 B 1.60 141 ha / 57 ac 92 ac / 227 ha
 United States New York Tract 342, Block Group 1, Coney Island, Brooklyn B 1.50 111 ha / 45 ac 141 ac / 348 ha
 United States Boston South End Census Tract 708 Block Group 1 - 1960 B 1.50 99 ha / 40 ac 68 ac / 168 ha
 China Shanghai Jing-an Villa, Lilong Housing B 1.50 208 ha / 84 ac 253 ac / 625 ha
 China Shanghai Jing-an Villa 1932 B 1.50 69 ha / 28 ac 225 ac / 556 ha
 France Paris Cite des Fleurs A 1.50 74 ha / 30 ac 153 ac / 378 ha
 France Radiant City Paris city center C 1.50 183 ha / 74 ac 298 ac / 736 ha
 China Shenzhen Wonderland, Phase V /四季花园五期 A 1.50 150 ha / 61 ac 182 ac / 450 ha
 China Shenzhen Wonderland B 1.45 127 ha / 51 ac 154 ac / 380 ha
 Japan Tokyo Tama B 1.44 N/A ac / ha
 United States Boston North End, Census Tract 301 & 304 (partial) B 1.30 143 ha / 58 ac 87 ac / 215 ha
 United States Boston North End, Census Tract 301 & 304 (partial) - 1960 B 1.30 104 ha / 42 ac 168 ac / 415 ha
 China Beijing Ju\'er Hutong / 菊儿胡同 A 1.28 89 ha / 36 ac 107 ac / 264 ha
 Singapore Singapore THE GREENWOOD, District 11 A 1.13 55 ha / 22 ac 89 ac / 220 ha
 France Paris Cite des Fleurs B 1.10 57 ha / 23 ac 119 ac / 294 ha
 Mexico Unidad Independencia B 1.10 67 ha / 27 ac 122 ac / 301 ha
 United Kingdom Garden City Garden City, One Block B 1.10 15 ha / 6 ac 32 ac / 79 ha
 United States Boston South End, Cosmopolitan B 1.10 N/A 97 ac / 240 ha
 Spain Madrid Valdebernardo B 1.10 N/A 132 ac / 325 ha
 Brazil Brasilia Typical Block - Brasilia (Superquadra) B 1.10 76 ha / 31 ac 113 ac / 280 ha
 United States Houston Block 1001, Lantern Village Apartment, Gulfton B 0.90 84 ha / 34 ac 103 ac / 255 ha
 United States Broadacre City US suburbia C 0.80 1 ha / 1 ac 2 ac / 5 ha
 Pakistan Karachi Khunda-Ki, Basti B 0.79 17 ha / 7 ac ac / ha
 United States Houston Block 2000, Napoleon Square Apartment, Gulfton B 0.70 96 ha / 39 ac 193 ac / 477 ha
 Mexico Mexico City Real del Sol B 0.70 54 ha / 22 ac ac / ha
 China Shenzhen Bei Luoguxiang, Hutong/Courtyard Housing B 0.60 163 ha / 66 ac 244 ac / 603 ha
 United Kingdom Garden City Garden City, United Kingdom C 0.60 1 ha / 1 ac 5 ac / 12 ha
 Spain Madrid Valdebernardo C 0.19 50 ha / 20 ac 56 ac / 138 ha
 Spain Madrid Saconia C N/A 104 ha / 42 ac 150 ac / 370 ha
 United States New York test - N/A N/A N/A
 United States Boston South End C N/A N/A 38 ac / 94 ha
 United States Boston South End - 1960 C N/A N/A 51 ac / 126 ha
 United States Boston North End C N/A 53 ha / 21 ac 35 ac / 86 ha
 United States Boston North End - 1960 C N/A N/A 41 ac / 101 ha
 China Hong Kong Sha Tin C N/A N/A 45 ac / 112 ha
 China Hong Kong Tseung Kwan O C N/A N/A 19 ac / 46 ha
 China Hong Kong Tseung Kwan O Station C N/A N/A 232 ac / 573 ha
 United States New York Battery Park City, The Visionaire B N/A 389 ha / 157 ac 209 ac / 517 ha
 Netherlands Amsterdam Borneo Sporenburg Residential Waterfront C N/A 100 ha / 40 ac 81 ac / 200 ha
 Spain Madrid Barrio de Salamanca C N/A N/A 116 ac / 286 ha
 Japan Tokyo Mitaka B N/A 21 ha / 8 ac ac / ha
 Japan Tokyo Taito B N/A N/A ac / ha
 Japan Tokyo Nakano B N/A 46 ha / 19 ac ac / ha
 Japan Tokyo Shinjuku B N/A N/A ac / ha
 Japan Tokyo Chiyoda A N/A N/A ac / ha
 United States New York Battery Park City (South) B N/A N/A ac / ha